the top questions about energy step code.
Green Building: a comprehensive process throughout a building’s life cycle that adheres to techniques that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient: from planning to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation and when required, demolition.
what's in a name
What is the BC Step Code?
The BC Energy Step Code is a single set of goal-oriented efficiency standards that the Province of BC is steadily pushing every municipality to adopt and enforce. The term ‘Step’ comes from the rollout method of these efficiency standards – they step up like stairs. The bottom step is essentially the BC Building Code Minimum, and the top step is what BC expects to be the new normal in 2032 – a super-efficient home that produces more energy than it requires.
How can I learn about the BC Step Code?
If you don’t live and breathe construction like we do, learning about various building codes on your own is tough. While official Step press releases and their attached PDFs are often vague (see below), accessing in-depth references like the BC Building Code, which Step ‘builds’ from, is costly and complicated (see below, again).
If you found this article, you were probably curious about Step, and noticed how hard it is to find and understand specifics. To help, we’re going to address some of the most common questions and misconceptions about The BC Energy Step Code, and Green Building in general.
Please note that we are broadly speaking to Step as it applies to residential, single-family homes. As with any legal framework, aspects of Step may change in between the time of posting this article and the time of your reading.
Here we go!
Does the Step Code make the rules for every aspect of a build project?
Not necessarily. Since it’s goal-based, the Step Code is focused on the outcomes of the project rather than the steps (no pun intended) taken to get there. That means creative builders like us can find ways to meet the prescribed standards, while still putting an emphasis on the needs of our future homeowners. Previous frameworks, some of which Step is intended to replace, were far more about the ‘how’ than the end result.
As the name implies, Step is an Energy code, intended to modernize the province’s buildings while creating better environmental outcomes through reduced energy consumption. The Step Code doesn’t concern itself much with specific materials or processes, it concerns itself with the overall efficiency of buildings.
Does the Step Code have any impact on my renovation?
No. Unless your renovation is so substantial that it becomes a ‘new build’, you don’t need to worry about the Step Code. That being said, some municipalities have created incentives to push you towards Step standards. For example, North Vancouver currently incentivizes renovations that make the cut with rebates from FortisBC.
It’s important to note that, all incentives aside, renovating up to higher efficiency standards will always drop your energy bills and create a more comfortable space. It also helps with resale value going forward.
Is the Step Code related to LEED or other ‘green’ building programs?
No. While the BC Energy Step Code materials draw some comparisons between certain Steps and current accreditation programs, these programs are all run by separate governing bodies:
STEP 1: EnerGuide Rating System, Built Green Bronze
STEP 2: Built Green Silver
STEP 3: ENERGY STAR, Built Green Gold and Platinum
STEP 4: R2000
STEP 5: Passive House, Net-Zero Energy Ready
Real-life example: If you’re building a new home in North Vancouver, adhering to the Step is not optional. However, a builder could choose to adhere to extra standards if they want to go above and beyond. Our partners at Laven Homes, for example, build to (or above) Step requirements where applicable and also opts into programs from Built Green Canada and Passive House Institute. In some ways, these set an even higher bar than Step requires, and in other ways, they align with code requirements.
Which level of government has the final say in building efficiency standards?
In British Columbia, your municipality has the final say. The municipality has to meet provincial requirements, at a minimum, so you are safe following your municipality’s lead. Over the next decade and a bit, those municipalities’ rules will fall in like with Step.
Is Step the rule everywhere in BC?
No. While many municipalities have adopted Step practices, or are phasing them in, others are not yet using Step as their standard. The City of Vancouver actually has its own regulations which are slightly more stringent than Step, and there are a few municipalities that have not declared any formal reliance on Step.
BC Step is currently treated as an optional program for a reason. It gives municipalities time to adjust, educate, and incentivize builders to get the skills needed to adhere.
If you’re curious, the provincial government keeps a running list of municipality implementation updates here.
Are all builders and contractors equipped for these new efficiency standards?
Unfortunately not. This is one of the reasons these efficiency standards were rolled out the way they were – to make it clear that builders and trades need to upgrade their efficiency skills, without putting stragglers out of business immediately.
What is the risk of using a build partner that isn’t an expert on Step requirements?
There is a large risk of lost time, sunk costs, and fines. Remember that any credible builder will be happy to outline their experience, recent education updates, and partnership policies with you.
The absolute worst-case scenario of failing to meet requirements is a teardown, but what’s more likely (and far more common than you might think) is your builder needing to go backward and make improvements to large components of the project, like your envelope’s airtightness
I’m building a new house in the next few years – should I just make it Step 5 compliant?
Creating a high-efficiency, net-zero home is a great idea for a lot of reasons. Comfort. Resale value. Lower heating bills. Doing the right thing for the environment. In North and West Vancouver, where we do most of our work, Step 3 is already the minimum. But those two steps – from 3 to 5 – are big jumps.
Going all-in on Step 5 is a great conversation to have with your builder. The benefits are obvious. But, as noted in the Step guide, there is a logic to pushing Step 5 back to 2032 – the potentially reduced costs of technologies and systems you’ll need to bring that Step 5 home to life.
Solar panel pricing (based on energy created) dropped around 62% between 2010 and 2017. It will drop again, especially as companies like Tesla’s SolarCity bring more competition to the market. When our president Andrew built his home a few years ago, he installed roofing that’s intended to make the installation of solar easier and cheaper next year. That’s the kind of planning discussion you can have with your builder.
Additionally, home automation products have gone from a tool for the wealthy to something Spotify gives away with a subscription. Home automation products can help with energy consumption and home comfort in a big way.